Supreme Court imposes one Rupee fine on Prashant Bhushan for ‘contempt of court’

A Supreme Court bench headed by Justice Arun Mishra and comprising Justice BR Gavai and Justice Krishna Murari directed the public interest lawyer to pay 1 Rupee as fine or undergo 3 months in prison

Photo courtesy: Twitter/@utkarsh_aanand
Photo courtesy: Twitter/@utkarsh_aanand

NH Web Desk

The Supreme Court, which had taken less than a month to hold Prashant Bhushan guilty of contempt of court for two tweets on the micro blogging site Twitter in June, on Monday ordered him to pay a fine of one Rupee payable by the 15th of September, 2020 failing which he will have to undergo simple imprisonment for 3 months.

If he fails to pay the fine, the court ruled, he would be debarred from practicing for three years.

Contempt of Court is punishable by simple imprisonment extending up to six months and/or a fine that can extend to two thousand Rupees.

In the first tweet of June 27 this year, Prashant Bhushan had said that future historians would poorly judge the role of the apex court, particularly the last four CJIs, in safeguarding democracy. In the second tweet of June 29, he had posted a picture of the Chief Justice of India astride a Harley Davidson motorcycle in the Nagpur Raj Bhavan and questioned how it was happening "when he keeps the SC in lockdown mode denying citizens their fundamental right to access Justice."

In its order finding Bhushan guilty, the Supreme Court had stated, "The Indian judiciary is not just one but the central pillar on which Indian democracy stands...An attempt to shake the very foundation of constitutional democracy has to be dealt with an iron hand. The tweet has the effect of destabilising the very foundation of this important pillar of the Indian democracy."

While senior Advocate Rajeev Dhavan, appearing for Prashant Bhushan, had argued that shoulders of the court was broad enough to take criticism on its chin and two tweets could not possibly destabilise the most powerful court in the country, the Supreme Court bench felt that Bhushan’s tweets had undermined public confidence in the court. Dhavan had urged the Court "not to make Bhushan a martyr" by sending him to prison.

Attorney General KK Venugopal had suggested that Bhushan be let off with a warning. "Bhushan's tweets seek the improvement of the administration of justice... Let democracy follow in this case when he has exercised his free speech... It will be tremendously appreciated if the court leaves it at that," he had said.

But the court responded by saying, “You (Prashant Bhushan) are part of the system; you cannot destroy the system. We have to respect each other. If we are going to destroy each other, who will have faith in this institution?"

The Supreme Court had sought an unconditional apology, maintaining that freedom of speech is not absolute. "You may do hundreds of good things, but that doesn't give you a license to do ten crimes," the court had said, giving Bhushan a three-day window to reconsider his stand. In a statement, Bhushan had expressed his gratitude to the court but maintained that he had given his tweets considerable thought, that he stood by them and he was not likely to make any substantial change in his stand.

In yet another statement, Bhushan told the court, "If I retract a statement before this court that I otherwise believe to be true and offer an insincere apology, that in my eyes would amount to the contempt of my conscience and of an institution I hold in highest esteem…”

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Published: 31 Aug 2020, 12:18 PM