Madras HC suspends Centre’s cattle slaughter ban for four weeks

The PIL alleges that the cattle slaughter ban breaches the principle of federalism and notes that the Parliament should have been consulted before deciding on food habits of the people

PTI Photo
PTI Photo


The Madras High Court on Tuesday stayed for four weeks the Centre's notification banning sale and purchase of cattle for slaughter, and sought its response to Public Interest Litigations (PILs) which contended that the rules should have been approved by Parliament first.

A Madurai bench, comprising Justices MV Muralidharan and CV Karthikeyan, issued the interim order on the two pleas which said that the rules should be quashed as they were against the Constitution, breached the principle of federalism and were contrary to the parent legislation—Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.

Referring to the contention of the petitioners that the notification was related to food and hence ought to have been approved by Parliament, the judges asked the Centre to respond to the point also in its counter to be filed in four weeks.

The order has come amid a raging row on the ban, with non-Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) parties and state governments of Kerala, West Bengal and Puducherry stridently opposing the Centre's recent notification.

Several places in Kerala and Tamil Nadu have been witnessing protests during the past few days against the ban on sale of cattle for slaughter. Protesters have alleged that it infringed upon the food habits of people.

The PILs sought quashing of the provisions of Rule 22(b) (III) and Rule 22(e) of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Regulations of Live Stock Markets) Rules, 2017, on the grounds that they were contrary to the parent act of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960 and the country's Constitution.

Petitioners Selvagomathy and Asik Ilahi Bhava contended that the “provisions breached the cardinal principle of federalism” as it amounted to legislation in the fields earmarked for state legislature.

The new rules notified by the Union Environment Ministry banned the sale or purchase of bulls, cows, camels for slaughter houses, or for sacrifice for religious purpose.

The petitioners said the provisions were notified on May 23 last, when courts were on vacation. Such rules should be discussed in Parliament and approved by it. Rules prohibiting sale and purchase of animals offended the Right to Freedom of Religion guaranteed under Constitution, they submitted.

“The slaughtering of animals for food, the foods and culinary made out of such animal flesh and offering sacrifice of animals are part of cultural identity of most communities in India, protected under constitution,” the PILs said.

They said the rules, which deprived the people of the right to sell or purchase any animal for sale or slaughter, as part of meat vending business, were a burdensome interference in the freedom of trade and business, guaranteed under the Constitution.

The farmers and other traders involved in sale of cattle or other animals and slaughter houses and its employees would be gravely deprived of their right to livelihood, they said.

The right to choice of food (non-vegetarian or vegetarian) was part of the right to personal liberty and conscience and privacy.

By imposing the ban on slaughter of animals for food, the citizens with the choice of eating meat would be deprived of such food, the petitioners said.

They also contended that the impugned regulations, though framed in furtherance of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960, which tend to regulate live stock markets to preserve and improve stocks, is in pith and substance a legislation on the fields earmarked for state legislature and breached the cardinal principle of federalism.

The petitioners also said already local bodies had been prohibiting slaughter of animals.

Anti-social elements were policing shops and houses of persons belonging to minority and Dalit communities and had been attacking shops citing the impugned provisions, they alleged and urged the court to intervene.

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