Kerala HC refuses to allow termination of 30-week pregnancy of 14-year-old child

The court cites advanced stage in pregnancy and no detected health risks or foetal abnormalities

Kerala High Court (Photo: National Herald archives)
Kerala High Court (Photo: National Herald archives)


The Kerala High Court has refused to allow the medical termination of a 30-week pregnancy of a 14-year-old girl, saying it was in an advanced stage.

Justice Devan Ramachandran dismissed the plea for aborting the foetus filed by the girl's mother and said it was not a case where the "victim child's health was at risk" on account of the pregnancy nor were any lethal foetal abnormalities detected.

Her mother had sought medical termination of the pregnancy on the ground that her daughter was raped, and the accused was in custody under the provisions of the Protection of the Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.

The court noted that even though the records and reports available on file indicate that the victim child had not been forced, "the child was still very young - just 13 to 14 years in age" and what happened to her is "certainly statutory rape".

The high court observed that the pregnancy was almost in its ninth month and the foetus was gaining weight and fat, getting closer to its eventual birth weight.

"Its vital organs, like the brain and lungs, are almost fully developed, preparing for life outside the womb. Obviously, therefore, this court cannot accede to the request of the petitioner; though I am in full empathy with the condition she and her family are going through, particularly because the victim child is so young," the judge said in his order.

The court also took into consideration the medical report which indicated "30 weeks of gestation with a good foetal heart".

"The foetus has, in fact, life with heart rate, and hence, termination of the pregnancy at this stage is impossible, as also untenable," the court said.

It noted that a medical board was also unambiguously of the view that termination is not possible, but that "the baby can only be taken out through a caesarean section - which is to say, that it will be born alive, with a prognosis of a good life in future".

The court said the petitioner mother and her minor daughter need to be offered every protection available in law, to ensure that the latter delivers her baby and is able to take care of her, within the parameters of the statutory and executive realm.

It also directed the jurisdictional Child Protection Officer to visit the victim child on a regular basis and offer the family and her every support for the purpose of continuing the pregnancy and for delivery.

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