G20: Biden says he raised human rights, free press with PM Narendra Modi

US president Joe Biden and India's prime minister Narendra Modi also discussed"significant business" like a rail–ship economic corridor from India to Europe and also Russia's war on Ukraine

Prime Minister Narendra Modi (right) with US president Joe Biden during a visit to pay homage at Mahatma Gandhi's memorial Rajghat on the final day of the G20 Summit, in New Delhi, on Sunday, 10 September 2023 (photo: IANS/PIB)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi (right) with US president Joe Biden during a visit to pay homage at Mahatma Gandhi's memorial Rajghat on the final day of the G20 Summit, in New Delhi, on Sunday, 10 September 2023 (photo: IANS/PIB)


US President Joe Biden said on Sunday, 10 September, that in addition to the "significant business" done at his just-concluded G20 visit to India—such as the rail–ship economic corridor extending from India to Europe—he was able to raise the “importance of respecting human rights… the vital role (of) civil society and a free press” in his bilateral meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

In the customary trip-ender news conference in Hanoi, on the second leg of his tour of India and Vietnam, Biden was peppered with questions about China and President Xi Jinping, who had skipped the G20 meeting, and about Ukraine.

In his opening remarks, Biden appreciated Modi's "leadership and his hospitality and hosting the G20".

He went on to speak about a part of the visit that was overshadowed by the G20 summit through its actual duration — his bilateral talks with the Indian leader.

Biden said that he and Modi had "substantial discussions about how we're going to continue to strengthen the partnership between India and the United States, building on the prime minister's visit to the White House last June".

Biden had hosted Modi on his state visit, with the customary state dinner, which was the first in the US for the Indian prime minister.

Biden then went on to say, "As I always do, I raised the importance of respecting human rights and the vital role that civil society and a free press have in building a strong and prosperous country with Mr Modi."

The American president may have been trying to pre-empt a question that has been regularly asked of him and his officials by the American press.

In fact, Prime Minister Modi was asked about it himself in the rare news conference he did with President Biden during his June visit.

US officials have said that they have not hesitated to raise these issues with their Indian counterparts, though not in the manner of one country lecturing the other but as a shared challenge.

The reference likely includes efforts by former president Donald Trump and his supporters attempt to subvert the 2020 presidential election and the January 6 insurrection, for which he has been indicted in two separate cases.

About the G20 meetings, the American president said, "This was an important moment for the United States to demonstrate our global leadership and our commitment to solving the challenges that matter most to people around the world to invest in inclusive growth and sustainable development, addressing the climate crisis, strengthening food security and education, advancing global health and health security."

"We showed up ready to work and we showed the world (that) the United States is a partner with a positive vision for our shared future," he added.

Left unsaid was that unlike the US, China’s president Xi Jinping and Russia’s president Vladimir Putin did not show up, presumably demonstrating their lack of commitment to the G20 platform.

Xi, in fact, had attended the recent meeting of the BRICS in Johannesburg, South Africa, where the group admitted six new members, a move that was supported by China and Russia and not so much by India.

Biden focussed on two of the major achievements of the G20 summit. The first was the launch of the rail-ship economic corridor that starts in India, cuts across West Asia and ends in Europe. It will "open up untold opportunities for transformative economic investment".

"We've also discussed Russia's brutal and illegal war in Ukraine," he said, touching upon the other notable achievement of the summit, a joint declaration. "There was sufficient agreement in the room on the need for justice for just and lasting peace, that upholds the principles of the World Charter, and respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity."

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